The Big 5 traits are:
Openness - Openness is a tendency to be open-minded and appreciative of various experiences in life. A high score on this trait indicates that the individual seeks intense and varied experiences. They are creative, insightful, and adventurous. Conversely, a low score on this trait indicates that the person may seek fulfilment through perseverance. Such individuals may be pragmatic, cautious and struggle with abstract thinking.
Conscientiousness - Conscientiousness is a tendency to display self-discipline, impulse control and strive for achievement through goal-directed behaviours. A high score indicates that the individual may be focused, organized, thorough and stubborn. A low score is associated with flexibility, impulsivity and spontaneity.
Extraversion - Extraversion describes how an individual interacts and engages with the external world. Extroverts are outgoing and gain energy in social situations. Introverts, on the contrary, are reserved in social settings and require solitude to feel energized.
Agreeableness - Agreeableness describes the extent to which a person prioritizes the needs of others over their own needs. Highly agreeable people are friendly, compassionate, empathetic, trustworthy, cooperative and altruistic. On the contrary, people with low agreeableness put their concerns ahead of others and may appear to be unfriendly, uncooperative and competitive.
Neuroticism - Neuroticism indicates a person’s emotional stability and the extent to which one experiences negative emotions. A high score indicates that the individual may be emotionally unstable and vulnerable to negative emotions. A low score is attributed to calmness, emotional stability, and not having persistent negative emotions.
The Big 5 Personality test is a strong predictor of future performance and workplace social behaviour. Understanding the scores of an individual on all the five dimensions of the OCEAN model helps the recruiter to identify and hire the right fit. Some benefits of Big 5 personality assessments include:
Understanding the impact- Each personality type has an impact within the working environment. Being able to identify whether the impact is positive or negative could help influence decisions around hiring and retaining employees. It is beneficial for a company to take the Pre-employment Personality Test to understand a person’s approach to different situations and the impact they would make at the workplace.
Assess capacity to thrive- Prospective employers must decide whether an employee would sustain and thrive in the job role and organization. Personality traits are in-built characteristics of an individual and these cannot be taught through training and intervention sessions. Thus, an employer must assess a person's personality to hire self-motivated, dedicated and ambitious individuals.
Create a diverse workforce- Create a diverse workforce For an organisation to function productively and effectively, an ideal combination of compatible personalities is crucial. A balanced and diverse workforce allows for the sharing of new ideas, viewing problems from multiple perspectives and better collaboration.